When Internet is just launched to the consumer market, it’s costly. Need to subscribe the service from your local Internet Service Provider (ISP) and connect from home via telephone line with dial-up modem. Both bandwidth and data volume are limited.

Technology advancement makes the Internet become a default facility for the community. Free wi-fi hotspots and free Internet kiosks are available.

The important thing to note – do you trust these platforms? Even though the providers do not have malicious intend, are these devices secured from planting malicious tools to capture sensitive information?

If you need to use Internet like this, limit to just web surfing without login to search information. Always bring your own device as an integral part of your wallet when travelling. Use a VPN gateway service if possible to defeat MITM (Man-In-The-Middle) attack because certain web proxies are able to intercept TLS (Transport Layer Security, or https) traffic for content inspection. You never know who is behind the scene with capability to review the logs.

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